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A Brief Introduction of Chinese Visa

Updated: 2012-03-02

A Chinese visa is a permit issued by the Chinese visa authorities to a foreigner for entry into, exit from or transit through China. The Chinese visa authorities may issue a Diplomatic, Courtesy, Official or Regular Visa to a foreigner according to his/her status, purpose of visit to China or passport type.

The overseas Chinese visa authorities are Chinese embassies, consulates, and other offices authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China. If a foreigner intends to enter into, exit from or transit through Chinese territory, he/she shall apply for a Chinese visa to the above-mentioned Chinese visa authorities.

Regular Visas consist of eight sub-categories, which are respectively marked with Chinese phonetic letters C, D, F, G, J-1, J-2, L, X and Z.

C Visa: Issued to crewmembers to perform duties on board an international train, airliner or other vessel, and their accompanying family members.

D Visa: Issued to a foreigner who comes to reside permanently in China.

F Visa: Issued to a foreigner who is invited to China for a visit, an investigation, a lecture, to do business, scientific-technological and culture exchanges, short-term advanced studies or internship for a period of no more than six months.

G Visa: Issued to a foreigner who transits through China.

J-1 Visa: Issued to foreign resident correspondents in China.

J-2 Visa: Issued to foreign journalists who make short trips to China on reporting tasks.

L Visa: Issued to a foreigner who comes to China for sightseeing, family visiting or other private purposes.

X Visa: Issued to a foreigner who comes to China for study, advanced studies or internship for a period of more than six months.

Z Visa: Issued to a foreigner who comes to China for a post or employment, and his or her accompanying family members.