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Brief Introduction of Changsha

Updated: 2018-07-25

Changsha City is the provincial capital of Hunan Province. It is the political, economic, cultural, transportation, science and technology, finance and information center of Hunan Province. It is located in the north of the eastern part of Hunan Province.


Changsha now governs six districts of Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua, and Wangcheng; two county-level cities of Ningxiang and Liuyang; and one county, Changsha County. The city owns five national development zones including Changsha High-tech Zone, Changsha Economic Development Zone, Ningxiang Economic Development Zone, Liuyang Economic Development Zone and Wangcheng Economic Development Zone, and nine provincial zones including Jinxia Development Zone.


According to the data released from the Hunan Provincial Statistics Bureau:
Total area: 11,816 km2
Population: 7.9181 million (2017)
Major industrial products: Cranes, automobiles and tobacco
Major agricultural products: Grain, tea, fruit, livestock (pork, beef, lamb)
Major mines: Iron, manganese, vanadium, copper, lead
Total length of railways: 251 km
Total length of roads: 5,857 km
GDP: 1053.551 billion yuan (2017)
Sum of exports: 58.789 billion yuan (2017)
Sum of imports: 35.013 billion yuan (2017)
Inbound tourists: 1.292 million (2017)
Tourism revenue: 177.006 billion yuan (2017)
Per capita disposable income of urban residents: 46,948 yuan (2017)
Per capita disposable income of rural residents: 27,360 yuan (2017)
Fixed-asset investment: 756.777 billion yuan (2017)

 

Changsha has a long history and enjoys a pleasant climate, ranking the first among the “Top Ten Leisure and Livable Eco-Cities in China”. Changsha has a profound civilization with rich cultural heritage. Its written history dates back to 1,600 BC. In 1982, Changsha City was named by the State Council as the first batch of “historical and cultural cities”. Changsha has 55 higher education institutions, 97 independent research institutions, 14 national engineering (technology) research centers, 15 national key (engineering) laboratories and 12 national enterprise technology centers. Changsha is also known in China and abroad for its scientific research achievements, including its hybrid rice breeding technology, Tianhe supercomputer, and 3D sintering printer, the first one produced in China.


The forest coverage rate in Changsha reaches 53%, the green coverage rate in urban built-up areas 42%, and the per capita public green area 18.8 square meters. It has won the title of “Global Green City” in the Global Habitat Environment Forum and has been awarded “Happiest Cities in China” for ten consecutive years. Changsha City has once again become a new first-tier city in 2018, ranking top 10 for three consecutive years. At the same time, Changsha enjoys the titles of "Culture City of East Asia", "City of Media Arts" and "International Gourmet City".


Chinese source: Changsha.gov.cn; Hunan Provincial Statistics Bureau