Education in Changsha
Changsha has made high achievements in education and boasts of a galaxy of advanced culture and talents since ancient times. In the Western Han Dynasty, Jiayi, the Taifu (the grand mentor) of Changsha, enlightened the people; In the Southern Song Dynasty, Zhu Xi, one of the most famous scholars at the time, lectured in Changsha; And in modern history, Mao Zedong, a great statesman and poet, made poems when the water was splashing. In general, the education of Changsha has cultivated numerous talents in all works of life by inheriting the tradition of Hunan style.
The education of Changsha developed rapidly since the adoption of Opening up and Reform policies.
Changsha spread the primary education overall to its citizens in 1984. After the implementation of the Compulsory Education Law in 1986, the city's education surged. In 1993, Changsha started to carry out the Project of making nine-year compulsory education basically universal and basically eliminating illiteracy among the young and middle-aged (known as the Project of Two Basics for short). In 1997, the 9 counties and districts of Changsha passed the provincial assessment and evaluation of the Two Basics Project. In the same year, Changsha witnessed the opening of the national on-site meeting of comprehensive reform of the urban education work. Since then, Changsha on one side has been striving for the goal of making nine-year compulsory education basically available, on the other side striving for the promotion of high school education, therefore the Changsha's education has entered into the Highway of comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development. By 2007, the gross enrollment rate of kindergarten has reached 65%, the gross enrollment rate of elementary and junior high school has exceeded 100%, and the gross enrollment rate of high school has reached 95%. The gross enrollment rate of vocational high schools has roughly balanced that of general high schools.
Besides, some other types of education also developed coordinately, which meets the educational demand of people at various levels.
Continuous improvement has been made in education. In the city, there are a total of 45 institutions for higher education, 96 regular high schools; 226 junior schools and 1217 primary schools. The number of college students currently registered amounts to 418,100, which has increased by 6.02% over the previous year; The number of postgraduate students amounts to 33,200, which has experienced a growth of 17.21%; Regular high school students amounts to 148,000, which has raised 2.67%; Regular junior school students amounts to 159,100, which has dropped 20.85%; Ordinary primary school students amounts to 366,100, which has increased 8.10%; And kindergarten children amounts to 89,200, which has a decline of 0.39%. By now, the enrollment rate of school-age children has reached 100%, and the secondary school enrolment has also reached 100%. Of rural compulsory education students in the fall, 289,500 of them have accessed to free tuitions and fees. The improvements of drinking have also been made in 209 schools. The number of poor students in urban and rural areas who enjoy free compulsory education, namely "one charge system" is up to 207,000, making compulsory education as free as possible.
Changsha's secondary education enjoys a good reputation in Hunan province. The High School Affiliated to Hunan Normal University, the First High School of Changsha, Changjun High School and Yali High School keep the leading position in such areas as faculties, teaching facilities as well as the quality of education, boasting Mao Zedong, Zhu Rongji, Ren Bishi, Zhou Libo, Chen Geng, and other famous alumni. Over the years, the number of graduates going to famous universities, like Tsinghua University and Peking University, accounted for a large proportion of the total number of graduates in the province. The First High School of Changsha and the High School Attached to Hunan Normal University have won gold medal for many times in the International Science Olympiad. Recent years have also witness Changjun High School's top performance in college entrance examination within Hunan province. Yali High School, founded by Yale - China Association (organized by Alumni of Yale University), has been known throughout China for its English teaching.