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Prison Law of the People's Republic of China

Updated: 2014-07-11

(Adopted at the 11th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the eighth National People's Congress on December 29, 1994, promulgated by Order No. 35 of the President Of the People's Republic of China on December 29, 1994, and effective as Of the date of promulgation)

Contents

Chapter I General Provisions

Chapter II Prison

Chapter III Execution of Criminal Punishments

Section 1 Putting in Prison

Section 2 Handling of Petitions, Complaints and Accusations Made by Prisoners

Section 3 Execution Outside Prison

Section 4 Commutation of Punishment and Release on Parole

Section 5 Release and Resettlement

Chapter IV Prison Administration

Section 1 Separate Custody and Separate Control

Section 2 Guard

Section 3 Use of Restraint Implements and Weapons

Section 4 Correspondence and Meeting with Visitors

Section 5 Life and Health

Section 6 Rewards and Punishments

Section 7 Handling of Crimes Committed by Prisoners During the Term of Imprisonment

Chapter V Education and Reform of Prisoners

Chapter VI Education and Reform of Juvenile Delinquents

Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 This Law is formulated in accordance with the Constitution for the purpose of correctly executing criminal punishments, punishing and reforming Prisoners, preventing and reducing crimes.

Article 2 A prison is an organ of the State for executing criminal punishments.

Criminal punishments of prisoners sentenced to death penalty with a two-year suspension of execution, life imprisonment, or fixed-term imprison-ment shall be executed in prisons under the Criminal Law and the Criminal Procedure Law.

Article 3 A prison shall, with regard to prisoners, implement the principle of combining punishment with reform and combining education with labour, in order to transform them into law-abiding citizens.

Article 4 A prison shall exercise supervision and control over prisoners according to law, and shall, in accordance with the needs of re-forming prisoners, organize prisoners to engage in productive labour and conduct ideological, cultural and technical education among prisoners.

Article 5 Activities in prison administration, execution of criminal punishments, and education and reform of prisoners conducted according to law by the people's police of a prison shall bb protected by law.

Article 6 A people's procuratorate shall exercise supervision in accordance with the law over the legality of activities conducted by prisons in execution of criminal Punishments.