Dufu Pavilion, set in an environment of archaic landscape architecture, was built in honor of Du Fu, a poet who lived in the Tang Dynasty (618-907).
It stands at the junction of Xiang River Road and West Lake Road in the western area of Changsha, Hunan province. Being part of the Xiang River Scenic Belt, it is opposite Orange Island and Yuelu Mountain, which are on the other side of the river.
The ground area of Dufu Pavilion, which opened to the public in September, 2005, exceeds 6,000 square meters, and includes a 3,800 sq m hall, four stories or 18 meters high.
The hall was designed around the poems Du Fu created in Hunan, and his influence on Hunan culture.
The terrace on the first story is suspended five meters over the Xiang River. The north and south corridors house poem tablets. Both sides of the story's columns are carved with Du's poems for people to study.
The second story is designed to remember Du's connections to Hunan. It has a large-scale wooden bas-relief named "Du Fu's Tracks in Hunan", showing his whereabouts when he lived there. This story is decorated with Du's poems and paintings of famous artists such as Zhang Daqian and Lin Shanzhi. Poetic couplets, large vases printed with Du's work, archaic seat screens of rosewood and famous potted flowers are also exhibited.
On the third story is a themed exhibition of the poet's life, focusing on the conditions he faced during his three years' stay in Hunan as described in his poems. These express his plight of being sick and lonely in his old age, and also his great concern about his country and people. The exhibition consists of six themes: his lineage, his travel experiences, his ambitions, history of his poems, the honors he gained, and the spirit of Hunan. Over one hundred items, including images, paintings based on poems, different editions of Du's works and other objects from his life are on show.
The fourth story is called the "Collected Refined Works' Pavilion". It consists of three parts, namely a model exhibition area, an area for making friends through literature, and a visitors' rest area. Selected products are also on sale in this area. Paintings on the surrounding walls depict stories of famous people from Changsha's history such as Qu Yuan and Jia Yi.
It is not only the contents of the exhibition hall that speak of Dufu and Hunan. The building has a shape popular in the Tang Dynasty and its laminates are in the form of sewn books of that time; in itself a celebration of the Tang Dynasty and one of its greatest poets.